DIET IN HYPERTENSION

 

 

 

Hypertension is a condition where the blood pressure is constantly higher than normal. This poses a serious health risk because it forces the heart to work extra hard. The effects of hypertension include strokes and heart attacks.

    

 Sodium intake has been a primary target for hypertension control. About 50 percent of individuals appears to be "sodium sensitive." This means that excessive sodium intake tends to increase blood pressure in these groups of people, and they do not appear to excrete excessive amount of salt via the kidneys. There are a number of ways to limit sodium in the diet, including:

  • Do not use salt at the table
  • Check food labels for sodium content
  • Choose unprocessed food                                                                                           
  • Limit processed meats and cheeses
  • Limit pickled meats and vegetables

 

  • Limit salty snacks
  • Limit intake of soy sauce, ajinomotto(MSGs), and other condiments and foods that may be high in sodium
  • Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of potassium. A diet high in fruits and vegetables has been linked to a decreased risk of both hypertension and stroke.
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  • Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (like fish) have positive effects on hypertension and cardiovascular disease by relaxing arteries and thinning
  • the blood
  • .