DIET FOR HYPERCHOLESTROLEMIA

 

High Blood Cholesterol is often associated with heart disease. Therefore most of us think of cholesterol as a bad thing. Indeed, our body needs cholesterol to make bile salts, hormones and vitamin D. It is mainly produced by our liver. It only turns into a bad thing when cholesterol starts to build up on the artery walls as blood cholesterol levels are too high.

A low calorie, low fat , low cholesterol, normal protein and high fiber diet is recommended for patients with high cholesterol levels.

DIETARY GUIDELINES:

  • One should try to maintain slightly lower than the standard weight.
  • The diet should be rich in fiber by including foods like raw salads, fruits, green leafy vegetables and whole grains
  • Five servings of fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet not only to meet the nutritional requirements but also to meet antioxidants and fiber.
  • Vegetable oils rich in poly unsaturated fatty acids like safflower and sunflower oil should be included in the diet
  • Inclusion of fish in the diet is beneficial as they contain omega -3 omega -6 fatty acids.
  • Concentrated foods like sweets chocolates, cakes, pastries, ice creams and fried foods, should be restricted or preferably avoided.
  • Foods giving only empty calories like carbonated beverages, alcohol sugar and sago are totally avoided.
  • Tea and coffee should be taken in moderation. Execess amount of caffeine increases heart rate.
  • Animal foods like meat and pork should be avoided as they contain high amount of saturated fat.

 

  • Foods having cholesterol lowering effect like soyabean, fenugreek, garlic, onion and turmeric should be include in the diet.
  • Alcohol intake should be limited.
  • Constipation should be prevented by including plenty of water and fiber in the diet.
  • Salt intake should be restricted if the person is hypertensive.