Gout is one of the most painful types of arthritis. Gout attacks can be controlled or prevented by lifestyle changes and the use of certain medications.

A gout diet helps to control the production and elimination of uric acid, which may help prevent gout attacks or reduce their severity. The diet isn't a treatment for gout, but may help to control attacks. Obesity also is a risk factor for gout, so losing weight can help to lower the risk of attacks.

People with gout are advised to take a diet :

  • high in complex carbohydrates (fiber-rich whole grains, fruits, and vegetables)
  • low in protein (15% of calories and sources should be soya, lean meats, or poultry)
  • not more than 30% of calories in fat (with only 10% animal fats)


  • Limit animal protein. Avoid or severely limit high-purine foods, including organ meats, such as liver, and herring, anchovies and mackerel. Red meat (beef, pork and lamb), fatty fish and seafood (tuna, shrimp, lobster and scallops) are associated with increased risk of gout. Because all animal protein contains purines.                      
  • Eat more plant-based proteins: one can increase the protein by including more plant-based sources, such as beans and legumes.
  • Limit or avoid alcohol. Alcohol interferes with the elimination of uric acid from your body. Drinking beer, in particular, has been linked to gout attacks.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water. Fluids can help remove uric acid from the body.
  • Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy products. Some studies have shown that drinking skim or low-fat milk and eating foods made with them, such as yogurt, help reduce the risk of gout.
  • Choose complex carbohydrates. Eat more whole grains and fruits and vegetables and fewer refined carbohydrates, such as white bread, cakes and candy.
  • Limit or avoid sugar. Sugary foods also tend to be high in calories, so they make it easier to eat more than you're likely to burn off. Although there's debate about whether sugar has a direct effect on uric acid levels, sweets are definitely linked to overweight and obesity.