Cosmetic surgery limited to the head and neck: (rhytidectomy/facelift, browlift, blepharoplasty/Asian blepharoplasty, otoplasty, rhinoplasty, septoplasty, cheek augmentation, chin augmentation, genioplasty, oculoplastics, neck liposuction, lip enhancement, injectable cosmetic treatments, botox, chemical peel etc.)

Oculoplastics, or oculoplastic surgery, includes a wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face.It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures.

Training

Surgeons trained in oculoplastic procedures include some Ophthalmologists, Plastic surgeons, Maxillofacial surgeons and Otolaryngologists.

Oculoplastic procedures

Oculoplastic surgeons perform procedures such as the repair of droopy eyelids (Blepharoplasty), repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes, and facial rejuvenation procedures including laser skin resurfacing, eye lifts, brow lifts, and even facelifts. Common procedures are:

 

Eyelid surgery

Entropion, ectropion, ptosis, and eyelid tumors are commonly treated by various forms of eyelid surgery.

 

Surgery involving the lacrimal apparatus

 

Eye removal

    • An enucleation is the removal of the eye leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.
    • An evisceration is the removal of the eye's contents, leaving the scleral shell intact. Usually performed to reduce pain in a blind eye.
    • An exenteration is the removal of the entire orbital contents, including the eye, extraocular muscles, fat, and connective tissues; usually for malignant orbital tumors.

 

Orbital Reconstruction

Ocular prosthetics (artificial eyes)

An Orbtal Prosthesis which is a type of Craniofacial prosthesis artificial replacement of the eye and eyelids for an extenterated orbit.

  • Orbital decompression for Grave's Disease

 

Breast surgery may refer to one of the following specific surgeries.

 

 

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