The goal of nutrition support in patients with burns is to replace nutrient losses and provide adequate nutrients to promote wound healing and energy and nitrogen balance.


In general, patients get a high calorie, high-protein diet that also includes fat, plus vitamin and mineral supplements.

Patients need a lot of protein while healing because the body will lose protein through the burn wounds and muscles will break down trying to produce extra energy for the healing process. The additional protein helps rebuild lost muscle.


They also need more carbohydrates in their diet when recovering from a burn. In fact, carbohydrates make up the bulk of their nutrition. The body will turn the carbohydrates into glucose. Burn wounds use glucose for energy. In fact, they can’t use any other source. By providing this energy for healing, carbohydrates allow the protein eaten to rebuild muscle, rather than be used as fuel.


We also include fat in the diet to provide essential fatty acids and extra calories. But normally no more than 30% of the calories will come from fat. Too much fat can weaken the immune system.

The requirement of micro -nutrients like selenium, copper, zinc, manganese and vitamins increases during this condition hence they should be included in the diet.

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